Since 2014, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has required most Americans to have health insurance. People who don’t comply have to pay a penalty, the amount of which depends on several factors, including income and family size. This calculator lets you estimate the potential ACA penalty for individuals and married couples who don’t have health insurance coverage required by the ACA.

Certain groups are exempt from the penalty tax (click for list).

To see what the penalties are, just enter the requested information and click "Calculate."


Filing status, age, and blindness

What is your tax filing status?

Is taxpayer:       Age 65 or over? Blind?
Is spouse:         Age 65 or over? Blind?


Enter number of dependents by age group.
2014 2015 2016
Age 17 or younger
Age 18 or older


Either 1) enter 2014 income in whole dollars and annual percentage growth rate
             2) uncheck the box and enter values in whole dollars for each year

 After 2014, increase income by percent annually.
2014 2015 2016
Adjusted gross income
Tax-exempt interest
Exempt earnings from abroad
Modified AGI of dependents


Estimated Tax Penalty

2014 2015 2016
Tax penalty: In dollars
                   As percentage of AGI
Factors determining the penalty
Minimum dollar amount
Penalty calculated as a percentage of income
Average premium of bronze plan

Calculating the Penalty

In each year, the penalty is capped based on the national average premium for bronze level insurance plans for single individuals and the number of people in the insurance unit.Specifically, the cap equals that average premium times the number of people up to a maximum of five. The average bronze plan premiums for 2014 and 2015 and the projected premium for 2016 are:
               2014:        $2,448
               2015:        $2,484
               2016:        $2,676
For an explanation of how the average bronze plan premiums were calculated see:
               2015: IRS Internal Revenue Bulletin: 2015-15.
               2014: IRS Internal Revenue Bulletin: 2014-33.


This calculator was created by Hang Nguyen and Roberton Williams of the Tax Policy Center with programming assistance from Jessica Kelly of the Urban Institute. Linda Blumberg, Matthew Buettgens, John Holahan, Genevieve Kenney, and Stephen Zuckerman of the Urban Institute’s Health Policy Center and many Tax Policy Center analysts provided helpful comments and suggestions.